Qaraim languages and literatures and Karaism

Qaraim languages and literatures and its Archive Blog Qaraim Tili


The Qaraim (Karaites) are a religious and cultural group made up of individuals who adhere to the tenets of the Old Testament of the Hebrew Scriptures alone. Their ethnic and religious roots have been a subject of ongoing discussions to the present day.

Over the centuries they have developed their own spiritual and secular literature, creating their own distinct dialects apart from the standard forms of the languages in the areas in which they've lived.

The question is still open as to whether these dialects can be considered independent languages, since they have their own written traditions. These dialects include: Qaraite Hebrew of Constantinople, Qaraite Turkic (several dialects of Crimea, Lithuania, Ukraine), Qaraite Arabic, Qaraite Aramaic, Qaraite Greek of Turkey and the Qaraite Persian dialects.

The number of literary works written in these dialects is enormous, and has hardly been explored. Due to the efforts of their religious opponents, such as the Pharisees, the Qaraim were labeled as an insignificant and unimportant sect.

Since the discovery of the Cairo Geniza, the Dead Sea Scrolls and the Avraham Ben Shemuel Firkovich collections, anthropologists and lingusts no longer consider the Qaraim as such anymore. Qaraim studies have become a hot topic in academic circles, but despite this recent revival of interest in the Qaraim, the linguistic and literary aspect of Qaraim culture remains largely unexamined. This blog is focused SOLELY upon research involving the examination and restoration of the LANGUAGES and LITERATURES of Qaraim.

Tuesday, March 10, 2015

Trakaylı Yiçaq Ben Avraham-Karay Din Alimi

Yiçaq Ben Avraham Trakay'da doğdu. Latin ve Lehçe de kendisi bilmekteydi. Katolik, Protestan ve Rum Ortodoks Din Adamlarıyla görüşmeler düzenledi. En meşhur eseri Hizzuk Emuna(İmana Kuvvet) 'dır. Bu meşhur eseri kendisinin vefatından yüzyıl sonra basılmıştır, ve çeşitli dillere tercüme edilmiştir.

Hıristiyanlığın zayıf noktalarına vurgu yapan ve eleştiri getiren  "Tela ignea Satanae"  adlı eserden sonra,  kendi eseri de getirdiği eleştirilerle Latinceye tercüme edildi.

Voltaire,  kendi argümanlarında Yiçaq Ben Avraham Trakaylı'nın eserlerinden yararlandı ve Hizzuk Emuna adlı eseri,  kendi türünde bir başyapıt olarak nitelendirdi.

Yiçaq Ben Avraham Trakaylı'nın eserleri Rabanik Museviler tarafından da kullanıldı. Yazmış olduğu bir kısım İlahiler, Karay Dua Kitaplarına ilave edildi. Trakaylı, bir kısım dini hukuk kitapları da yazmış olduğu söylenmektedir.